Abraham[AS] in the Qur'an—QXP VI
[To get a clear picture, read the context plus cross ref. 71 times Abraham [AS] is mentioned. The QXP VI will set the record straight about some of the fairy tale narrations used in the above post, like the name of the birds and killing them, etc.]
1 Al-Baqarah 2 124,125(2X),126,127,130,132, 133,135,136,140,
258 (3X), 260 [15 times]
2:125 Remember, We appointed the House (Ka’bah) a place to achieve unity among
all mankind, and thus, a source of peace and security. So, attain the stature of
Abraham recalling his firm stand (for Monotheism and unity of mankind) and closely
follow the Divine Commands. We did take a Covenant from Abraham and Ishmael,
“Keep My House clean of all falsehood for those who rally around it and those who
strive hard for the noble objectives, and for those who submit in humility to God." [Al-
Bait = The House = Ka’bah = The Symbolic House of God in Makkah = The Meeting
point for all mankind = The Source of peace, security and unity for all humanity.
2:142-143, 3:96, 5:97, 14:35, 22:25. Musalla = The ways to obey God. Maqam-e-Ibrahim
= The stature of Abraham = The stand he took. Taifa = Those who might be diverse in
race and color but united in Ideology. Taaif = Watchman = Custodian = One who
stands guard. Taifeen = Caretakers of humanity = Guardians of human rights. ‘Akafa
= To prevent schism and discord = Set things right. 'Aakifeen = Those who strive for a
noble objective = Those who prevent schism = Who set things right. Ishmael resided
permanently in Makkah, while his father kept traveling between Hagar (Haajirah) in
Makkah and Sarah in Can’aan (Syria-Palestine). Ishmael married a woman from the
Qahtani Tribe of Jurham and became the ancestor of Musta Ribah. Musta Ribah
wandered the Arabian Peninsula and the Arabs descended from them, multiplying
and becoming a distinct community in a few centuries. So the Arabs are,
interestingly, the descendants of Prophet Ishmael and a Qahtani Jurham mother from
the Arabian Peninsula. They had twelve sons in their long and happy marriage. The
Qahtanis are still abundantly found in Arabia. Some nomadic tribes more ancient than
Abraham and Ishmael had settled in Makkah, a small but busy trade center in the
peninsula. The “Wilderness of Beer-Sheba” of Genesis 21:14, embraces the Southern
Palestine, and Hijaz (the mid-western Arabia). Therefore, the Bible and the Qur’an are
in agreement concerning where Ishmael and his mother Hagar had settled after
moving from Can’aan.
Here is a glimpse of history about Hagar and Ishmael as found in the Bible.
Genesis 17:20 - As for Ishmael, I have heard you (O Abraham); behold, I will bless
him and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of
twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.
Genesis 21:17 - And God heard the voice of the lad (Ishmael); and the angel of God
called to Hagar from the Heights, and said to her, "What troubles you, Hagar? Fear
not; for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold
him fast with your hand; for I will make him a great nation.
Genesis 21:20 - And God was with the lad, and he grew up; he lived in the wilderness,
and became an expert with the bow. He lived in the wilderness of Paran (Faran,
This history also explains why the Qur’an repeatedly asserts that the Arabs had not
received any Scripture before the Qur’an (28:46, 33:1 on, 39:41 on). The Arabs, being
the descendants of Ishmael, could only become a community long after Ishmael had
passed on and when his progeny had multiplied with time. Note: The Valley was a
barren land, but Abraham settled his family in the town of Makkah, near the soon to
be built Ka’bah. So, contrary to popular legends, Abraham never left his family in the
isolation of a desert]
2:126 And Abraham prayed, “My Lord! Make this Town a haven of peace and
security, and provide its residents with plentiful sustenance; those who believe in
God and the Last Day.” He answered, “I will also provide for those who disbelieve
and let them enjoy for a while. But then I will commit them to the suffering of the Fire,
a miserable destination.” [14:37, 17:18-20, 22:25, 95:3]
2:127 As Abraham raised the foundations of the House together with Ishmael, they
prayed earnestly, “Our Lord! Accept this service from us. You are the All-Hearing, the
2:130 Who would forsake the Creed of Abraham except he who ridicules his own
‘self’? We chose him in this world, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of
those who attained self-actualization. [Leader 2:124. Saaliheen = The righteous ones
= Those who have attained self-actualization = Perfected their personalities =
Maximized their human potential = Who set things right = Help others = Create
balance in the society = Fulfill others’ needs. 16:120-122]
2:132 This very legacy Abraham left to his children, and so did Jacob, saying, “O My
children! Indeed, God has chosen for you the Way of Life. Therefore, let not death
overtake you except that you are Muslimoon” [Muslims = Submitters to God alone =
Guardians of peace. 2:236, 22:78. ‘Deen’ = The Divinely Prescribed System of Life =
Al-Islam = The Way of Life. Religion (Mazhab) is a generic term signifying a creed
involving certain rites and rituals and seeking individual salvation. Islam being a
Collective System of Life is, in fact, a challenge to religion]
2:133 Were you present when death approached Jacob and he asked his children,
“Whom will you serve after me?” They answered, “We will serve your God and the
God of your forefathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac - the One True God. And for
Him we are Muslimoon.”
2:135 They say, “Be Jews or Christians if you would be guided.” Say, “Nay, we follow
the Creed of Abraham the upright who shunned all falsehood and associated none
with God.” [He was neither a Jew nor a Christian (3:67). Mushrik = Idolater = Pagan =
Anyone who ascribes divinity to other than the One True God = Who associates
partners with Him = Who prefers manmade tenets = Who worships idols in any form
such as statues, own desires, forces of Nature, any of God’s creation = One who
uncritically follows others = A blind follower = One who considers men as authorities
instead of the Divine Revelation = Anyone who declares things Halaal (Permissible)
and Haraam (Forbidden) against the Qur’an = One who follows clergy instead of the
Qur’an = Who adores saints or religious leaders = Who promotes writings and
dogmas contrary to the Qur’an. Shirk = The act of being a Mushrik]
2:136 Say, “We believe in God and what is sent down to us, and in what was sent
down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in what was given to
Moses and Jesus and to other Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction
among them. And for Him, we are Muslims.” [Muslimoon = Submitters to God alone =
Guardians of peace. 2:132, 22:78. Tampering of the previous Scriptures: see 2:79,
2:101, 3:78, 3:187, 5:48. Asbaat = The Prophets raised among the twelve Israelite
Tribes, frequently called the Patriarchs. ‘No distinction’ = All of them were
commissioned by God and they were one in purpose. They were given Messages
primarily addressing their respective people. Humanity is now able to receive the
Final Revelation that embraces all Truth and it sorts out the human touch in the
previous Scriptures. 2:75, 2:78-79, 2:101, 3:70-71, 3:78, 3:186-187, 5:13, 5:41, 6:91-92,
9:31. Prophets excelling one another in the Sight of God. 2:253, 17:55]
2:140 And you claim that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribal Israelite
Prophets were ‘Jews’ or ‘Christians’! Say, “Do you know better than God?” Ah, who
could be more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from God?
But God is not unaware of what you do. [Amazingly, the Qur’an is alluding to a
historical fact that was unanimously accepted from research done centuries later!
Scholars of the Bible know that the concept of ‘Jewry’ came into being long after the
Patriarchs and after Moses. Likewise, the term and the doctrine of ‘Christianity’ were
unknown during the life of Jesus]
2:258 Have you not thought of the one who argued with Abraham about his Lord
because God had given him kingship? Abraham said to him, “My Lord is He Who
gives life and causes death." He answered, “I give life and cause death.” Abraham
said, “God makes the sun rise from the East; make it rise from the West.” Thereupon
the rejecter remained dumbfounded. God does not guide people who choose to do
wrong. [Nimrod Shaddad, King of Babylon, Abraham’s contemporary and staunch
enemy, used to proclaim divinity. Being a tyrant he could impose or revoke death
2:260 [Abraham wanted to understand the laws of revival of nations] “O My Lord!
Show me how You revive dead nations.” God said, “Do you believe not?” Abraham
said, “Surely, I do but only to satisfy my heart (how I will revive my living dead
people). God said, “Take four birds and train them with affection to you, and then
leave them apart on separate hilltops.” Then call them; they will come in quickly.
Then know that God is Almighty, Wise. [At Abraham’s call the birds came flying back to him. This is how mankind can be brought to the Truth with decent admonition and training, giving them a new life]
2 Ali Imrān 3 33, 65, 67, 68, 84, 95, 97 
3:33 (The Qur’an is the Final Perfected guidance for all humanity. But God has
chosen Messengers before to convey His Messages.) Indeed, God did choose Adam
and Noah (Nooh), and the family of Abraham and the family of Imran above all people
of their times. [Adam = Aadam = The human ancestor = The first Homo sapiens =
Allegorically, Adami, the first humans = Mankind = Possibly a prominent early human
= Perhaps a Prophet, but the chain of Prophets begins with Noah. See 4:163, 6:80-85]
3:65 O People of the Book! Why do you argue about Abraham, when the Torah and
the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Do you not use your intelligence?
3:67 Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was an upright man who had
surrendered to God. He never ascribed divinity to anyone beside the One True God.
3:68 People most worthy of Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet
and those who believe with him. God is the Protecting Friend of the true believers.
3:84 Declare, “We believe in God and what has been revealed to us and what was
revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and their descendant Prophets, and what
was given from their Lord to Moses, Jesus and the other Prophets. We make no
distinction among any of them. And we submit to Him alone.” [All Prophets were one
in purpose, so we make no distinction between them. But God can cause some
Prophets to excel in His Sight according to their assignments and environments.
2:62, 2:136, 2:253, 17:55]
3:95 Say, “God has declared the truth. Follow, then, the Creed of Abraham, the
upright who shunned all falsehood. He was not of those who choose authorities
3:97 Therein are clear Messages (to achieve that coveted goal and recall) how
Abraham once took his stand (against all divisions of humanity and was granted the
leadership of all mankind 2:124-125). Those who enter the System symbolized
thereby shall find inner peace and external security. Pilgrimage to this House is a
duty all mankind owe to God, those who have the circumstantial means to undertake
the visit. One who denies this command should know that God is absolutely
Independent of all His creation. [Pilgrimage = Joining the Hajj Convention. Mankind
can realize the blessings of unity by rallying around this Divinely appointed Center of
Ideology. 22:25-28. The idolaters are forbidden only to ‘ya’mur’ or administer the
Masjid for obvious ideological reasons. 9:17-18]
3 An-Nisā’ 4 54, 125 (2X), 163 
4:54 Or do they envy other people whom God has given of His bounty? (But, God
does not favor any nation arbitrarily. He is the Lord of all humanity. 114:1). We gave
the Children of Abraham the Scripture, the laws and wisdom, and We gave them a
4:55 Some of the Children of Abraham have attained belief in the Prophet while
others turn away from him. And enough is Hell for a burning fire.
4:125 Who has a better Deen (System of Life) than the one who submits completely
to God, and thus becomes a benefactor of humanity? Such a person is following the
way of Abraham the Upright whom God chose for friend.
4:163 We have sent you the Revelation as We sent it to Noah and the Prophets after
him. We sent Revelations to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and his progeny (the
Tribes), Jesus, Job (Ayub), Jonah (Yunus), Aaron, and Solomon; and to David We
gave Zaboor. [Zaboor = The Psalms = A book of Divine wisdom]
4 Al-An’ām 6 74,75,83,84, 161 
6:74 Remember when Abraham said to his father Azar (Terah), “How could you
worship idols as gods? I see you and your people are in obvious error.” [Azar is
called Terah in the Bible and Zarah in Talmud]
6:75 And to this end, We gave Abraham insight into the Mighty Dominion of the
Universe so that he might attain firm conviction.
6:83 This is the logic (examples of the star, the moon and the sun) that We taught
Abraham against his people. We exalt people in ranks when they follow Our Laws.
Your Lord is Wise, All Knower.
6:84 We gave him Isaac the son, and Jacob the grandson, and We guided them.
Before Abraham, We guided Noah and from his descendants, We guided David,
Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron. We thus reward the benefactors of
6:161 Say, "As for me, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, the perfect Deen
(way) of Abraham, the upright, who was no idolater in any sense.”
5 At-Taubah 9 70, 114 (2X) 
9:70 Has not the history reached them of those before them? Of the People of Noah,
‘Aad, Thamud, Abraham’s people, the dwellers of Midyan, and the disasters that
befell them. Their Messengers had come to them with clear evidence of the truth.
God never did injustice to them. But they used to wrong their own people and thus
wronged their own ‘self’.
9:114 Abraham asked forgiveness for his father because of a promise that he had
made. The promise was based on the hope that his father would mend his ways.
When it was made clear to him that his father was a persistent opponent of God's
commands, he desisted from asking forgiveness for him. Abraham was kind-hearted,
clement. [14:41, 19:47]
6 Hūd 11 69, 74, 75, 76 
11:69 (Similar was the end of the people of Lot.) Our Messengers came to Abraham
bearing a glad tiding. They greeted Abraham with “Peace!” And he greeted them
back with "Peace!" and made haste to place before them a roasted calf.
11:74 When fear had left Abraham, and the good news was conveyed to him, he
began to plead with Us for Lot’s people.
11:75 For, Abraham was clement, kind-hearted, ever turning to His Lord.
11:76 (They said) O Abraham! Turn away from this pleading. Your Lord's command
has gone forth, and the retribution is now inevitable.
7 Yusuf 12 6, 38 
12:6 "Your Lord will elect you and give you outstanding insight into the reality of
things. He will perfect His grace upon you, and upon the House of Jacob, as He
perfected it upon your forefathers, Abraham and Isaac. Your Lord is Knower, Wise.”
12:38 “I follow the Creed of such of my ancestors as Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It is
not conceivable that we ever ascribe partners to God. This (belief in Monotheism) is
the bounty of God upon us and upon all mankind. (It frees us from bondage to
superstition and to ‘men of religion’). But the majority of people fail to grasp this
point, and thus remain ungrateful.”
8 Ibrahīm 14 35 
14:35 Recall that Abraham said, “My Lord! Make this a peaceful land and protect me
and my children from idolatry in any form.” [2:125]
9 Al-Hijr 15 51 
15:51 As an example, tell them once again about Abraham's guests.
10 An-Nahl 16 120, 123 
16:120 Abraham was virtue personified devoted in his commitment to God, turning
away from all that is false. He upheld strict Monotheism and never indulged in
idolatry of any kind. His impact on history was like that of a whole community. [2:124-
126, 14:35-37. Ummah = Community = A community based on a noble ideology =
Virtue personified, in this context]
16:123 We have revealed to you this Message (O Prophet), “Follow the creed of
Abraham who turned away from all that is false." (2:125). He was, by no means, of the
11 Maryam 19 41, 46,47, 58 
19:41 Also mention in the Book (the story of) Abraham. Indeed, he was a man of
truth, a Prophet.
19:46 He answered, "Do you dislike my gods, O Abraham? If you cease not, I will
certainly get you stoned to death! Now get away from me for good!” [The Chief
Priest, Azar, had the power to declare anyone an apostate and condemn him to be
stoned to death. For the Divine Ordinance of No Compulsion in Religion, see 2:256]
19:47 Abraham said, "Peace be upon you! I will pray to my Lord for your forgiveness.
For, He is ever Kind to me.” [9:114]
19:58 These are some of the Prophets whom God blessed. They all were from the
descendants of Adam, the early humans. The descendants of those whom We carried
with Noah on the Ark, and the descendants of Abraham and Israel (Jacob). We
guided them and selected them. Whenever the Messages of the Most Gracious were
conveyed to them, they would fall down prostrate in tears. [Devoted to Submission,
they put their hearts into their mission]
12 Al-Anbiyā’ 21 51, 60, 62, 69,71,72 
21:51 Long before, We showed Abraham his direction and We were Aware of him,
21:60 Some said, "We heard a youth talking about them; he is called Abraham."
21:62 (And when he came) they asked, "Is it you who has done this to our gods, O
21:69 But We said, "O fire! Be cool, and security for Abraham!" [The fire of their rage
cooled down. 29:24-26, 37:88-89]
21:71 And We rescued Abraham and (his nephew companion) Lot to the land that We
blessed for all people. [They migrated from their homeland of Ur in Mesopotamia,
today's Iraq, to Syria-Palestine that was blessed with a long line of Prophets]
21:72 We bestowed upon Abraham, a son Isaac and a grandson Jacob. We made all
of them great benefactors of humanity as they addressed the inequities in human
thought and behavior.
13 Al-Hajj 22 26, 43, 78 
22:26 Behold! We pointed the site of the Sacred House, Ka'bah, to Abraham, saying,
'Associate none with Me, and keep My House clean of human dogmas for
those whose Divine Ideology of Monotheism will revolve around this Center
for all mankind. Train the visitors to stand up for truth, and bow to and fully
submit before Divine Commands.' [2:125, 2:197, 3:95-97, 22:28-29]
22:43 As did the people of Abraham, and the people of Lot.
22:78 Strive for God with a strife befitting Him, for He has elected you and placed no
hardship in Religion, the Creed of your father Abraham. He has named you
Muslimeen in the bygone days and now in this Revelation, that the Messenger may
be a witness against you and you may be witnesses against mankind! So, establish
the Divine System and set up the Just Economic Order, and hold fast unto God. He is
your Patron; how excellent a Patron and how excellent a Helper! [2:143. Muslimeen =
Muslims = Submitters = Those who submit to God alone = Upholders of peace. 2:132,
14 Asy-Syu’arā’ 26 69 
26:69 And convey to them of the history of Abraham.
15 Al-Ankabūt 29 16, 31 
29:16 (Abraham was sent more than a thousand years after Noah, at about the same
location in Mesopotamia.) Abraham said to his people, “Serve God and be mindful of
Him. That will be best for you if you know and understand.
29:31 When Our Messengers brought the good news to Abraham (of a son Isaac),
they also said, "We are appointed to herald the annihilation of that town, for its
people are wrongdoers." [Abraham lived in Hebron, Palestine about 2000 BC. From
the heights in Hebron he could see the Valley of Sodom by the Dead Sea]
16 Al-Aḥzāb 33 7 
33:7 And remember, We did take a solemn pledge from all the Prophets, and from
you (O Prophet), as well as from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus son of
Mary. We took from them a very solemn pledge, [3:81. The pledge in 33:7 refers to
conveying to people all that was revealed to Prophets. 29:45]
17 Aṣ-Şaffāt 37 83, 104, 109 
37:83 To his group (of believers, later) belonged Abraham.
37:104 We called unto him, “O Abraham!
37:109 Peace and salutation to Abraham!
18 Şād 38 45 
38:45 And also remember Our servants, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, men of strength
19 Asy-Syūrā 42 13 
42:13 He has ordained for you all the same System of Life that He enjoined upon
Noah. And We have revealed to you (O Prophet) the same Message as We enjoined
upon Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: "Establish the Divine System of Life and make no
sects in it.” (O Prophet) Hard upon the idolaters is the way to which you call them.
God draws to Himself everyone who is willing, and He guides to Himself everyone
who is willing and turns to Him. [Sectarianism vs Unity: 3:32, 3:104, 6:160, 30:31,
20 Az-Zuḥruf 43 26 
43:26 And when Abraham declared to his father and his people, "I do free myself of
what you worship.
21 Aż-Żariyāt 51 24 
51:24 And (as a historical evidence) has the story of Abraham’s honored guests
22 An-Najm 53 37 
53:37 And (the Scrolls) of Abraham who fulfilled his obligations. [The Divine Message
has essentially been the same. Herein are mentioned some of those laws, Twelve
Maxims of intense beauty from the Scrolls of Abraham]
23 Al-Hadīd 57 26 
57:26 We sent Noah and Abraham and granted Prophethood and Scripture to their
progeny. Some of them remained rightly guided, but a great many of them drifted
24 Al-Mumtaḥanah 60 4 (2X) 
60:4 There is an excellent pattern for you in Abraham, and his companions. They said
to their people, “Truly, we stay clear of you and of what you worship instead of God.
We reject you. And between us and you has arisen distance and aversion until you
believe in God alone.” The only exception was Abraham’s saying to his father, “I will
pray for your forgiveness, although I own nothing for you from God.” Then he
prayed, “Our Lord! In You we place our trust, to You we turn for guidance, and unto
You is the journey’s end. [9:113, 14:41, 19:47, 33:21, 58:22]
25 Al-A’lā 87 19 
87:19 The Revelations of Abraham and Moses.